Three Basic Choices in Wood Flooring
Flooring: the foundation of a room
Floors make a huge impact on a home, both aesthetically and financially. Think of your floors like a pair of shoes — its the foundation of the look you’re rockin’. If you’re wearing a Christian Dior dress with a pair of rubber slippahs…. that look isn’t pulled together! We're in Hawaii, so the Christian Dior dress gotta go and put on beach shorts and shirt to complete the ensemble! You can think of your floors in the same way. They’re the foundation of the home’s look. Floors can either be a very trendy look (which drastically limits the other finish choices you’ll make for the home) or a classic look like a great pair of jeans that coordinates with everything.
There’s many factors when considering flooring. On the design aesthetic, if you choose a trendy floor you should be prepared to replace the flooring in 10 years or the home will look and feel older than it is and you’ll be locked into basically one look. If you choose a classic floor its like a great pair of jeans that can be dressed up with a jacket or dressed down with a tank top. A classic floor is a great foundation that works with your home’s decor giving you beauty for many years. Flooring isn’t easy to replace or upgrade. It is possible but expensive to do. So this is a choice you want to be confident will meet your needs and demands both now and in the future. Per John Dupra of Revel Woods Fine Hardwood Flooring, “Flooring is a long-term decision that is not easy to change; like a really expensive tattoo for your house. It’s not something you want to choose hastily, or the sort of thing you want to do on the cheap lest you pay in the long run.”
When to Choose Flooring
Your flooring should be chosen very close to the beginning of a project if possible because its so foundational to the space. Because of flooring’s structural and aesthetic significance its also not wise to penny-pinch and save money on this line item at installation. Your savings will be realized years down the road in durability and elimination of constant floor repairs or replacements. A good placeholder budget number is $12/sf which would include materials and installation. That’s a little on the high side to give you some wiggle room for unwelcomed surprises.
Different types of Hardwood Flooring & Finishes
There are three basic types of hardwood flooring: Solid Wood, Engineered Wood and Wood-Look Products (laminate, pergo, vinyl plank, wood-tile all fall into this Wood-Look category).
There are basically two types of wood finishes: On-site or Factory. Also referred as Unfinished or Finished. On-site finish means you’ve bought unfinished wood and once installed your installer will apply the sealer and finish coats on-site. Because of this, the finish is more customizable in both color and sheen. There is no beveling between planks so you’ll have a truly flat floor. It will still require sanding and it does introduce chemicals into the home which could linger before fully aerating.
Factory means you’ve bought the wood with the sealer and finish coats applied at the factory so your installer only needs to install the wood and its ready to be walked upon immediately after installation. This also means there will be no noxious chemicals lingering in the home. A factory finish is typically more durable due to the controlled environment it was applied in. There are multiple extra finish options you can choose from too, such as smooth, wire brushed and hand scrapped, but some kind of bevel is required and thus you won’t have a truly flat-floor look on a factory finish.
Solid Wood Flooring
Engineered Wood Flooring
Stay tuned for our next article where we’ll discuss the common factors in sourcing wood flooring which includes climate, subfloor, lifestyle and aesthetic. By then, you’ll know if you should choose the rubber slipper, Reef slipper or anything in-between! Until then… a hui hou!!
By: Ulu Poepoe
UP Staging & Design
Claudia Jacobs, a fellow RESA member (Real Estate Staging Association), interviewed Rob Unger, CPA, CFE of Judson, Giordano & Siegel, CPA, P.C., to clarify how the IRS interprets staging costs and if any are tax deductible, and provided this enlightenment. She said Unger described, "Home sellers can benefit from home staging, as the fees for staging services can be considered as advertising costs according to IRS guidelines. Since a home stager prepares your house for potential homebuyers, the IRS considers the service as an advertising expense, as long as the home stager has been hired for the sole purpose of selling your home. The costs of staging are subtracted from the proceeds of the sale of the home and decrease the total realized profit. In summary, the IRS' position is that staging costs are a legitimate selling expense for both primary and secondary homes and are therefore tax deductible. However, it is important to note that if a house is staged and then taken off the market, the staging expenses are not tax deductible."
Questions for the CPA
This is great news, but Claudia wanted to get further clarification as the word "staging" is a very broad statement and can be confusing. Claudia then asked if fresh white towels, new shower curtain, home repairs, paint, new carpeting, furniture or furnishings -- either rented or purchased -- can qualify under the IRS definition of staging allowed tax deductions. She also asked if there's an IRS difference if the Seller buys the furniture and decor, or if they rent the furniture and decor from a stager.
And further questioned if the home goes off the market for a few months, then goes back on, is the Seller still allowed to claim it as a tax deduction? For instance: Sellers didn't want to put in new carpeting, but had no offers while it was listed so they took the home off the market for the winter. Then decided to install carpeting, home back on market and then it sells.
CPA Rob Unger replied, "With regard to the timeline, the costs of staging are only deductible if the home is for sale and actively on the market. If the home is on the market, then taken off without a sale, the cost of staging (prior to it taken off the market) is not deductible.
"The IRS does not allow you to deduct expenses for repairs, maintenance and upkeep on your main home, so these expenses cannot be subtracted from the sale of your home. Fresh paint, new carpet, furniture and home decorations are not tax-deductible expenses, even if a home stager recommends them.
"In your example of the home being on the market, coming off, then going back on and selling, they are considered separate transactions. If there are staging costs associated with the first time it is on the market and then comes off with no sale, no deductions are allowed for the staging costs. Any staging costs associated with the property going back on the market and selling are deductible as it relates to that transaction.
"Staging is typically what happens after the homeowner has cleaned, painted and made minor repairs. It's the cost of the stager's services in dressing up the home to get it ready for sale.
"In your example, when the homeowner is buying the fresh white towels and furnishings, these are not tax deductible, as after the sale is completed, the homeowner is most likely going to take these items with them. If these are part of a stager's services and the stager rents these items to the homeowner, and it is included in the stager's invoice for services, and they are retained by stager after the home staging is completed, then they will be tax deductible as staging expenses.
Unger continues, "I think a literal explanation is that the tax-deductible part is what is on the invoice from the stager. Items that the homeowners buys and intends to keep that are used in the staging process are not deductible, as they are being used for staging and then also for personal use after the staging making them non-deductible. Items they rent for the staging process and then return to stager after the home sells are deductible as part of the staging, as homeowner does not use them for any personal use, they are used strictly for the staging process."
If you initiate a conversation with your CPA to see if the IRS tax deduction can be applied to your circumstances, ensure you advise your Realtor as well. Your Realtor can help you determine the proper market price of your home. The IRS home staging cost tax deduction places importance on pricing the home right the first time, so the property doesn't bounce on and off the market, jeopardizing staging tax deductions and extending the home's market time.
Staged right. Priced right. Sold!
Many of us living in Hawaii see how the Pacific Ocean creates a long tail with the East Coast being at the head and Hawaii at the tail end. Sometimes being at the tail end is a good thing. I've sat in on a few of Paul Brewbaker's, Chief Economist at Bank of Hawaii, predictions and he would describe how Hawaii's economy lags a few years behind the mainland. Design trends lag too.
With the advent of smartphones, it has brought our world smaller. I can talk to my friends in DC and cousins in Sāmoa, in a blink of an eye. How awesome is that?! But for me, I interpret this shrunken world to mean we can't lag behind on trends like we used to. Especially when we're selling much of our product to mainlanders. Many of our homes in East Hawaii have wood-stained cabinets. But one of the quickest, easiest ways for our homes to look dated and old is to have wood-stained cabinets. Don't get me wrong, I LOVE beautiful woods and how they bring warmth into a space. And there are indeed many timeless and beautiful wood stained kitchen cabinets. But on the whole, many of them just scream outdated and passé. Even ones just installed. Not sure if this is true? Go to Houzz.com and check out the kitchens showcased there. Then go to Zillow and search homes in our area and look at the cabinetry. Yes, we are experiencing a very long tail whip here.
Wood is a gorgeous building product. Many woods feel so luxurious underfoot, and they have natural dimension and shimmers that just bring depth to a space. But if we use too much wood in a space, the wood gets lost. We feel "dizzy" in the space and its not a harmonious, luxurious feeling.
One of the easiest ways to modernize a kitchen is to paint over the wood cabinets. The home we staged last month didn't extend their beautiful wood floor into the kitchen, which was wise so their wood floors didn't compete with their wood cabinets. But they could have if they painted their cabinets the right shade of white, or rather a cream white. Instantly adding elegance to the kitchen and modernizing it.
I'm Ululani and have been staging homes in Hilo since 2013. I'm passionate about staging, design, color and photography. I'm also about slow food free of pesticides, chemicals and genetically modified organisms for healthy balanced living for our 'ohana and communities.